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What to do during a Firecracker-related Injury

My Doctor Finder
December 14, 2015

Prevention may be the best advice to give to people who will entertain the use of firecrackers on the holidays, but it may not fully take effect since Filipinos are known for using different kinds of firecrackers this coming New Year's celebration. In connection to last week's blog (5 Dos and Don'ts to Prevent Firecracker-related Injuries), another verb will be highlighted on this blog.

Preparation is the key to any disaster or injury one may encounter in life. However careful a person is, injuries can happen. Thus, it is generally recommended to learn how to properly administer first aid to different types of firecracker-related injuries. These injuries include minor burns on hands or legs, wounds, injured fingers, eye injuries, and major injuries that involve amputations.

The main essence of the word "Preparation" is having an appropriately stocked first aid kit at your homes. The following items must be included in one's first aid kit: [1]

  • Sterile saline solution - The solution is great for cleaning irritated eyes. It can also be used to clean firecracker elements in one's wound.

  • Cling wraps - This may be used to protect burns while an injured person is being transported to the emergency room.

  • Moist burn pads - Second skin moist burn pads will help to ease minor burns.

  • Aloe Vera gel - It may help in toning down the heating sensation of small burns.

  • Pain relievers - Any type of injury hurts! So, make sure that pain relievers are intact in your personal first aid kit.

  • Blunt tip scissors - This type of scissors is being used in the medical world. Blunt tip scissors are handy in cutting clothing or padding off in an injured area without furthering injuring the victim.

  • Clean cloth - Storing of sterile cloth is a must when it comes to covering the wound.

A part of preparation process is equipping oneself the knowledge of properly treating the victim. It is appropriate and important to transport the victim to a nearby emergency room for immediate medical assistance. You may locate the nearest hospital in your area here. In addition, one may do a basic treatment to alleviate the ache and help save the victim. Here are some basic tips one may perform: [2]

  1. Minor burns and small wounds
    • Immediately apply running cold water on the burn for at least 10 minutes.
    • Avoid applying toothpaste on the infected area.
    • Once cool, apply Aloe Vera or other soothing treatments for the initial treatment.
    • If the burn is bigger and deeper than expected, take the victim immediately to the emergency room.
  2. Major burns and large wounds
    • Cool the burn by applying running cold water.
    • Call for an immediate medical assistance or bring the victim to an emergency room.
    • Cover the wound with a sterile cloth for protection during the transportation process.
  3. Eye injuries
    • Flush and cleanse the eye with sterile saline solution or clean water.
    • Examine the eye for any foreign object.
    • Seek medical attention.
  4. Major injuries
    • Seek for immediate medical assistance.
    • Lay the victim on the ground and elevate the injured body part.
    • Apply direct pressure to the wound to stop it from bleeding.
    • If possible, retrieve the amputated part.

If prevention from using firecrackers are impossible to do, you can always do preparation in case a firecrackers-related injuries occur.

Sources:
[1] "First-Aid: How to Treat Fireworks Related Burns and Injuries" by Indefinitely Wild
[2] "First Aid Treatment for Fireworks Injuries" by Professional First Aid and CPR Courses