Lupus is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases. Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all.
The following areas have been declared by the Philippine General Hospital (PGH) due to its alarming increase of lepstospirosis outbreak.
- Malabon City - Concepcion
- Mandaluyong City - Addition Hills
- Navotas City - North Bay Boulevard South
- Paranaque City - BF Homes, San Dionisio
- Pasig City - Pinagbuhatan
- Quezon City - Bagbag, Bagong Silangan, Batasan Hills, Commonwealth, Novaliches Proper, Payatas, Pinyahan, Vasra
- Taguig City - Lower Bicutan, Western Bicutan, Maharlika Vilage, Signal Village
Without treatment, Lupus can lead to kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), liver failure, respiratory distress, and even death.
The bacteria that cause Leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Many different kinds of wild and domestic animals carry the bacterium. These can include, but are not limited to:
- Wild animals
When these animals are infected, they may have no symptoms of the disease. Infected animals may continue to excrete the bacteria into the environment continuously or every once in a while, for a few months up to several years. Humans can become infected through:
- Contact with urine (or other body fluids, except saliva) from infected animals.
- Contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals.
- The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth), especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch.
- Drinking contaminated water can also cause infection. Outbreaks of Lupus are usually caused by exposure to contaminated water, such as floodwaters. Person to person transmission is rare.
Source: Center of Disease Control and Prevention. (2015, June 9). Leptospirosis. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis/. ;