Lifestyle, health, and genetics are just some of the numerous factors that affect probability of pregnancy. But most women tend to overlook ovulation and the fertility window. These two will decide whether or not a woman will have a hard time starting a family with her partner.
Ovulation happens when the ovary releases a mature egg down the fallopian tube to be fertilized. It is very important for women to track the length of their average menstrual cycle to know when they are ovulating. The process usually occurs two weeks before a woman’s next expected period.
To know when you are ovulating, you may practice the following methods:
- Look for changes in your vaginal mucus
- When ovulating, the mucus is clear, slick and slippery which is similar to the consistency of an egg white.
- Use an ovulation calculator
- Knowing the date of your last period as well as a regular cycle will help you determine your “fertile window” and estimated ovulation date.
- Track your basal body temperature (BBT) by using a special BBT thermometer as you wake up
- A half a degree Celsius increase in BBT indicates that ovulation is already happening.
- Utilize an ovulation predictor kit
- It is best to use the kit a few days before your estimated day of ovulation. A positive result means that ovulation is about to occur in the next 24 to 36 hours.
After determining your ovulation, you should know when your “fertile window” is. This usually happens five days leading to and including ovulation. The most fertile days are three days before and including ovulation. The chance of conception increases as you have sexual intercourse with your partner two days before or including the day of ovulation. As the “fertile window” comes to an end, the probability of getting pregnant decreases. 12 to 24 hours after you ovulate, you are no longer capable for conception during that cycle.
Women differ in their menstrual cycles. Your most fertile days are largely dependent on your cycle length such as:
- 28 days of menstrual cycle - Ovulation happens on day 14, most fertile are days 12, 13, and 14
- More than 28 days of menstrual cycle - Ovulation happens on day 21, most fertile days are days 19, 20, and 21
- Less than 28 days of menstrual cycle - Ovulation occurs on day 7, most fertile days are days 5, 6, and 7
It is important to take note of these factors for pregnancy to happen. You may consult a doctor for proper guidance and treatment to be able to get pregnant.
Reference: Your Fertility. Women’s guide to getting the timing right. Retrieved from https://yourfertility.org.au/for-women/timing-and-conception/.