Did you know that the kidneys filter all the blood in your body to remove waste and excess fluid every 30 minutes?
Healthy kidneys regulate the body’s fluid levels by filtering wastes and toxins from the person’s blood. The kidneys release hormones that can regulate one’s blood pressure and increases production of red blood cells. In addition, the kidneys maintain healthy bones by activating vitamin D to our system and keeping blood minerals such as sodium, phosphorus, and potassium in balance. However, if the kidneys are not properly taken care of, it can lead to different types of kidney diseases and conditions.
Kidney stones are known to be one of the most painful medical conditions. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract from your kidneys to your bladder.
Anyone may develop kidney stones. But, people with certain conditions such as gout, and those who take medications and supplements, have a higher risk of acquiring kidney stones. Most kidney stones develop on people aged 20 to 49 years old. To add, men are more likely to develop kidney stones compared to women.
The following factors can increase one’s chances of developing kidney stones:
- Excessive dehydration
- High levels of protein, sodium (salt), or glucose (sugar) diet
- Inflammatory bowel diseases
- Medication intake of diuretics, anti-seizure drugs, and calcium based antacids
Proper hydration is the major key to prevent kidney stones. Drinking up to 12 glasses of water daily increases the amount urine which helps flush the kidneys. Though water is best, other fluids may also help prevent kidney stones, such as orange juice or lemonade. You must also reduce your intake of salt to lower your risk of kidney stones.
Know more about kidney stones with the following facts outlined below.
Fact #1 – One in every 20 people will develop kidney stones in their lifetime.
Fact #2 – Dehydration is the major cause of kidney stone formation.
Fact #3 – People with certain conditions such as gout, and those who take medications and supplements, have a higher risk of acquiring kidney stones.
Fact #4 – Every year, more than half a million people visit the emergency room for kidney stone problems.
Fact #5 – Men are more likely to develop kidney stones compared to women.
Fact #6 – The largest known kidney stone weighed 1.36 kilograms.
Fact #7 – Most kidney stones are yellow to brown in color.
Fact #8 – The shape and size of each kidney stone may tell something about how it formed.
Fact #9 – Hereditary factors may contribute to once risk of developing kidney stones.
Urology Care Foundation. Kidney Stones. Retrieved from http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2013, February). Kidney Stones in Adults. Retrieved from http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/urologic-disease/kidney-stones-in-adults/Pages/facts.aspx#top.
Mayo Clinic. (2015, February 26). Kidney Stones. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/basics/symptoms/con-20024829.
National Kidney Foundation. Fast Facts. Retrieved from https://www.kidney.org/news/newsroom/factsheets/FastFacts.