Kidney stones are known to be one of the most painful medical conditions. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract from your kidneys to your bladder.
Anyone may develop kidney stones. But, people with certain conditions such as gout, and those who take medications and supplements, have a higher risk of acquiring kidney stones. Most kidney stones develop on people aged 20 to 49 years old. To add, men are more likely to develop kidney stones compared to women.
A kidney stone is a solid and hard crystalline mineral material that forms in a kidney. It usually develops when the substances in the urine become highly concentrated. Kidney stones vary in size. A small stone may eventually pass in one’s urinary tract with little or no pain. However, a larger stone may get stuck in one’s urinary tract and eventually block the flow of urine. The block may lead to severe pain or bleeding. There is a possibility that you might not experience it symptoms until the kidney stone moves inside your urinary tract. Once it moves around within your kidney or ureter, the following symptoms will be present.
- Severe pain the side and back
- Pain in the lower abdomen and groin
- Tingling pain while urinating
- Red or brown urine
- Foul-smelling urine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Frequent urination
- High fever
- Urinating small amounts of urine
The pain caused by the kidney stone may change for it depends on the position of the stone in one’s urinary tract. As long as the stone remains inside one’s urinary tract, it has the tendency to move and shift to a different location. It is highly recommended to make an appointment with your doctor, specifically an urologist, once you experience five or more symptoms stated above.
However, a person must seek immediate medical attention once s/he experience these SEVERE symptoms.
- Pain that makes it difficult for the person to sit
- Pain accompanied with nausea and vomiting
- High fever that includes chills
- Blood in your urine
- Difficulty in urinating
Learn more about its risk factors and how to prevent acquiring this painful medical condition here.
Urology Care Foundation. Kidney Stones. Retrieved from http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2013, February). Kidney Stones in Adults. Retrieved from http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/urologic-disease/kidney-stones-in-adults/Pages/facts.aspx#top.
Mayo Clinic. (2015, February 26). Kidney Stones. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/basics/symptoms/con-20024829.
National Kidney Foundation. Fast Facts. Retrieved from https://www.kidney.org/news/newsroom/factsheets/FastFacts