Osteoporosis is a common known disease and is identified as one of the main problems of the aging population. It is the thinning of the bones as we age. Bones become breakable and weak as a result of loss of tissues. Osteoporosis is a disease that makes the compactness and quality of the bones reduced. Osteoporosis commonly affects the wrist, hips and the back (spine). Aside from aging, there are many other reasons behind this problem.
Osteoporosis in women usually occur between the age 20 and 30. Women in general, have thinner and smaller bones than men. According to a National Nutrition and Health Survey, between the ages of 60 to 69, 26% are women that are most likely to have osteoporosis versus 11.4% in men.
With these numbers, let’s take a look on the six causes of osteoporosis.
- As we age, the quality and density of our bones are reducing. It’s becoming difficult for the body to absorb calcium and to produce estrogen that helps in delaying the process of bone loss.
- When women are having their period, hormones are produced. Estrogen to be specific. During premenopausal and menopausal stage, a woman’s body does not produce the recommend amount of estrogen (plays a main factor in delaying bone loss).
- Not having enough exercise
- The tugging and pulling of muscles during exercise can stimulate bone-making cells. If physical activity is absent, there are no cells produce (by the bones) that will help in the bone-making process.
- Lack of calcium and vitamin D
- Calcium plays a vital role in preventing osteoporosis to occur for it is an essential mineral for strong bones and teeth. If there is a lack of vitamin D, the body will not be able to properly absorb and use calcium.
- Smoking reduces the amount of bone mass. When bones lose mass, it becomes weak and will eventually lead to osteoporosis.
- Drinking alcohol
- Heavy alcohol intake can drastically affect bone health by making it difficult for the body to absorb and use calcium that is essential for bone health.
Moving forward, here are some of the indicators that you will eventually develop this condition.
- Backache – Sudden severe back pain is a spinal compression fracture cause by osteoporosis.
- Stooped posture and/or loss of height – Osteoporosis will cause bone breakage. If Osteoporosis is present, it affects the spinal bones (vertebrae) that will make one’s posture look hunch or stooped.
- Fractures of the spine, wrist and hip – A person’s vertebrae (bones in the spinal cord) tend to be weaker when a person has Osteoporosis. Since the bones are weak, it is easier to have fractures even in doing daily task such as twisting and reaching.
But, don’t lose hope! There are different ways to prevent and treat Osteoporosis depending on its severity. Check it out here.
Reference: International Osteoporosis Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.iofbonehealth.org/what-is-osteoporosis. ; International Osteoporosis Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.iofbonehealth.org/sites/default/files/PDFs/Audit%20Asia/Asian_regional_audit_Philippines.pdf. ; WebMD. Understanding Osteoporosis – Symptoms. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/guide/understanding-osteoporosis-symptoms.