You should manage yourself once facing an allergic reaction. The first thing you should do is to determine where your allergic reaction started from. Detecting the allergen will help the medical experts to provide you proper medication. Some food allergies can cause diarrhea, bloating, and other digestive issues if not attended properly. Other signs of allergy include swelling, congestion, and runny eyes/ nose. Allergic reactions can cause hives, rashes and other skin irritations that may eventually lead to a more serious allergy case.
Serious allergic reactions cause anaphylaxis which is urgent for medical emergency. Signs include lightheadedness, nausea, and weak pulse. Swelling of the airways can also interfere with one's breathing. Untreated anaphylaxis can lead to loss of consciousness, respiratory distress, and cardiac arrest.
After determining or identifying an allergic reaction, you should treat minor symptoms. It can be safely treated at home with the aid of over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants. It can somehow ease congestion and breathing problems. These medications are generally available in tablets, eye drops, and nasal sprays.
Swelling, redness, and itching may be reduced with the use of ice and topical creams that contain corticosteroids. Acetaminophen can lessen the pain. However, if symptoms persist, the doctor can prescribe more powerful medications.
Anaphylaxis is lethal and requires immediate emergency. Emergency personnel usually carry epinephrine which as sooner as you receive is the greater the chance of survival. Once you experience anaphylaxis, your doctor can prescribe emergency epinephrine. The auto injector comes with a single dose of medication you can inject into your thigh. Remember to replace the medication if unused by the expiration date.
It would come in very important if you educate family and close friends in times of emergency. When anaphylaxis occur which eventually leads to loss of consciousness, respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest, you should call for emergency. While waiting for the medical team, check the victim's airway, breathing, and circulation. If necessary, perform rescue breathing and CPR. Try to keep the person calm. Never attempt to give oral medications to someone who is having trouble breathing or place anything under their head. Raise the person's feet about 12 inches and cover them with a blanket.
Prevention is better than cure and it is best to identify the source so you can avoid it in the future. Here are the following tips you may do to prevent allergies.
- Check the ingredients of products around your house. Many contain fragrances or dyes that can irritate your skin.
- Make sure to read food labels carefully. Packaged foods often contain surprising ingredients.
- Stock your medicine cabinet with over-the-counter topical treatment, antihistamines, and pain relievers for temporary medication in case of an attack.
- Ask your doctor to prescribe emergency epinephrine if you've ever had anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is always a medical emergency. Episodes of anaphylaxis should always be followed up with medical care.
This coming summer season, we must keep in mind the essentials for possible allergy appearances. If you want to know what type of allergen causes your allergies, you can immediately reach an allergist, also called as an immunologist. An allergist has the expertise to properly diagnose the condition and prescribe an allergy treatment and management plan to help you feel better and live better. You can do also essential first aid for yourself to make sure about what happened to you.
We must take the first step in order to keep ourselves away from such things that would let allergies react in our body.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Allergies: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Management. AAAI. Retrieved fromhttp://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/allergies
Pietrangelo, A. (2013, August 26). First Aid You Should Know: How to Treat Allergic Reaction. Healthline. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/allergies/allergic-reaction-treatment#Overview1