Heat stroke generally occurs when an individual has been exposed in high temperature for a long time while their working, exercising or even just been standing or sitting in a hot environment. Heat stroke must be given high attention for it is an emergency situation that requires first aid and medical attention. If remained untreated, it may damage the brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. It will worsen if it is not properly treated and result to serious and major complications. Or worse, it can be one’s cause of death.
Major causes of heat stroke can be exertional and non-exertional or classic heat stroke. Exertional heat stroke is when heavy work/exercise is done in a hot environment. It occurs when an individual is not used to be exposed in a high temperature. Heat-related medical emergencies during sports events are estimated to be ten times more prevalent than cardiac-related occurrences. The non-exertional is caused by exposure to a particularly hot environment. It occurs when the person is exposed to humid conditions for long period of time. People who already are sick and older are prone to such conditions.
Prevention is always better than cure and be mindful of the essentials to save yourself during the very hot and humid weather. Take note of the following dos and don’ts when it comes to heat stroke to prevent such an emergency to happen.
- Drink lots of fluids even if you are not thirsty
- Avoid caffeine, alcohol, or sodas for it can make fluid leave your body faster
- Shower daily specifically with cold water
- Wear light-colored, loose clothing
- Stay in the shade
- Move slowly
- Do not stay inside a closed car for a long period of time especially when your car is under the blazing heat of the sun
- Limit the time for your outdoor activities
- Avoid drinking cold water in an empty stomach for it may cause stomach cramping
- Cut down one’s exercise in the morning
- Stay indoors if possible
Staying safe in high temperatures is relatively simple: Memorize by heart the dos and don’ts when it comes to heat stroke prevention.
If you experience any of these symptoms of heat stroke, you must get to a hospital quickly to begin proper treatment. The doctor will perform a physical examination, checking of one’s blood pressure, pulse, and temperature. Also, the doctor will assess on how dehydrated the person is.
CBS News. (2006, August 3). Dos and Don'ts for Extreme Heat. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/dos-and-donts-for-extreme-heat/2/
Newman, T. (2016, April 15). Heat Stroke: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Prevention. Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266551.php
University of Maryland Medical Center. Heat Exhaustion. Retrieved from http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/heat-exhaustion