It is indeed the season again when Filipinos tend to be active on several recreational activities such as beach outings, fiesta celebrations, and street parties. However, along with these fun activities, one may also tend to acquire summer diseases. The Department of Health (DOH) continuously warns the public regarding the top diseases one may encounter during this hot and fun season. Six diseases made it to the list of top diseases Filipinos usually combat during the summer heat.
- Sore Eyes
- Conjunctivitis or also known as sore eyes is the redness and inflammation of the membranes covering the whites of the eyes and the inner parts of the eyelids. It is usually caused by a highly contagious virus called adenovirus. If a person is deprived of sleep, rub their eyes excessively, too much exposure on the sun and airborne irritants, they can definitely have a higher chance of catching the pink eye.
- Sunburn occurs when your skin has been exposed to the sun for a long period of time. It usually comes with a burning sensation leaving the skin red and irritated. However, the little UV action happening under the skin must be observed closely. The UV light can alter one’s skin by prematurely aging it. Eventually, this damage may contribute to skin cancer.
3. Colds and Cough
- Colds and cough usually begin with a sore throat then it is followed with a runny nose, sneezing, fatigue, and cough. Colds and cough are usually labeled as rainy day diseases. Little did Filipinos know that it is also prevalent during the summer season making it one of the top summer diseases in the country. Due to country’s climate changes, there’s a huge possibility of downpours during the summer season.
4. Diarrhea and Vomiting
- During the summer season, there’s a higher risk of food contamination which causes diarrhea and vomiting. Diarrhea is a condition where a person encounters passing loose or watery feces more than three times a day. Meanwhile, vomiting is the body’s way of ridding itself of harmful substances from the stomach.
5. Skin Disease
- Skin diseases such as Tinea Pedis (athlete’s foot) and tinea versicolor (an-an) may develop during this season due to the hot and humid weather. Also, fungal infections spread easily because of this season’s effect on our bodies: excessive sweating, oily skin, and a weakened immune system.
- Rabies is a deadly viral infection that is spread by infected animal saliva. The disease may come from different kinds of animals. Humans may be infected with rabies just from a single bite or scratch from dogs, cats, skunks, raccoons, and bats. Once a person has been bitten by a rabid animal, the virus spreads through their nerves to the brain. The virus causes severe inflammation of the brain and spinal cord that may eventually contribute to one’s death if left untreated. In most cases, with the span of 4 to 10 days, the infected individual will more likely be hyperactive and aggressive. They would also display unpredictable behavior towards unusual situations. Infected individuals will have insomnia, restlessness, paralysis, hallucinations, phobias specifically fear of water, anxiety, and an increase production of saliva.
If you happen to acquire any of these summer diseases, it is highly recommended that you seek medical attention for proper treatment.
Tan, L. (2015, April 22). How to avoid summer's most common diseases. CNN Philippines. Retrieved from http://cnnphilippines.com/lifestyle/2015/04/22/Summer-diseases.html
Leong, A. (2014, April 07). Summer diseases: What you need to know. Rappler. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/life-and-style/wellness/54651-summer-diseases-prevention